Morgan Musings

VPN: A Guide to Understanding and Using Virtual Private Networks

virtual private network

Much of our personal and professional information is stored online, so internet security should be a top priority for everyone. One of the most effective ways to protect yourself online is by using a Virtual Private Network (VPN). But what exactly is a VPN, and do you really need one?

Photo: Dan Nelson

What is a VPN and How Does It Work?

Simply put, a VPN is a service that creates a secure connection between your device and the internet. This is achieved by encrypting your internet traffic, meaning that no one can see what you’re doing online. Additionally, a VPN masks your IP address, making it difficult for anyone to trace your online activity back to you. These features are especially important as hackers and government agencies. Even your internet service provider (ISP) can monitor your online activity.

Why You Need a VPN

There are several reasons why you might need a VPN.

  • Online privacy. A VPN protects your online privacy, which is especially crucial when using public Wi-Fi, which is often unsecured and can be easily hacked.
  • Access geo-restricted content. Some websites and streaming services are only available in certain countries. A VPN can allow you to access these services from anywhere in the world.
  • Avoid censorship. Similarly, in some countries, the government restricts access to certain websites and services. A VPN can bypass these restrictions and grant you access to the content you need.
  • Secure file sharing. A VPN can help protect your files from hackers and other cybercriminals.
  • Avoid ISP throttling. Some ISPs limit your internet speed if you’re using too much bandwidth. A VPN can bypass these restrictions and provide you with faster internet speeds.

How to Choose a Provider

When choosing a VPN provider, do your research and select a reputable provider with a strong track record of protecting user privacy. You should look for a provider that offers:

__ strong encryption

__ a no-logs policy

__ a wide range of server locations

Additionally, you should consider the (1) cost, (2) ease of use, and (3) customer support.

Drawbacks to Using a VPN

While a VPN can provide many benefits, there are also potential drawbacks to using one.

  • Slower internet speeds. Your internet connection may slow down when you use a VPN because your internet traffic is routed through a remote server.
  • Cost.  While some VPNs are free, many require a monthly or yearly subscription fee. This cost can add up over time, especially if you need to use multiple devices.
  • Limited access to certain websites. Some websites may also block access to users who are using a VPN.
  • Technical issues. Setting up and using a VPN can be complicated, especially for those who are not familiar with the technology. It can also be difficult to troubleshoot technical issues that may arise when using a VPN.
  • Security risks from untrustworthy VPN providers. Some providers may log your online activity or sell your data to third parties, defeating the purpose of using a VPN. So, choose a reputable VPN provider. Surely, consider why a free VPN is free.

Every VPN collects some kind of data on you, so you are not completely private. VPNs are for security, not anonymity. Naomi Brockwell breaks down the dark side of VPNs here.

Final Thoughts

A VPN can be a valuable tool for anyone who values their online privacy and security, but understand that you cannot be completely anonymous online. If you truly need that extra layer of privacy, take the time to research and choose the right VPN provider for your situation↗ .


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